World News. [210], Seven weeks after Khashoggi's death, Saudi Arabia, in order to "distance ... Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, from the grisly murder" stated it would pursue the death penalty for five suspects charged with "ordering and executing the crime. [12], Regarding his role in the military intervention, Prince Mohammed bin Salman gave his first on-the-record interview on 4 January 2016 to The Economist, which had called him the "architect of the war in Yemen". The person who made the call was identified as Maher Abdulaziz Mutreb, a security officer who is frequently seen travelling with the prince. November 13, 2020. After the briefing, senators were more than certain that Mohammed bin Salman played a major role in the killing of Khashoggi. En 2017, la revista Forbes calculó su fortuna en 18.700 millones de dólares. However, Western countries are not convinced and believe this couldn't have happened without the knowledge or approval of the prince. Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman denied any personal involvement in the killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi but … [168][125][50] More than 50,000 children in Yemen died from starvation in 2017. [55] The change of succession had been predicted in December 2015 by an unusually blunt and public memo published by the German Federal Intelligence Service,[56][57] which was subsequently rebuked by the German government. Questi ha confermato il figlio Moḥammad come consigliere privato. [92][93], In 2018, he voiced his support for a Jewish homeland of Israel. Il 29 aprile 2015 re Salmān ha nominato principe ereditario suo nipote Muḥammad bin Nāyef. [177], Following the murder of Khashoggi, the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations approved a resolution to impose sanctions on people blocking humanitarian access in Yemen and suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia. He made Mohammed bin Salman his private advisor. Hashtag' becomes fall guy in Khashoggi case, but is he really down? [62], Chrystia Freeland, Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs, issued a statement via Twitter on 2 August 2018 expressing Canada's concern over the recent arrest of Samar Badawi, a human rights activist and sister of imprisoned Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, and called for the release of human rights activists. Gli è stato conferito il rango di ministro. ", "Mohammad bin Salman named new Saudi Crown Prince", "Mohammed bin Nayef kingpin in new Saudi Arabia: country experts", "Saudi Arabia will return to moderate, open Islam and 'will destroy extremist ideas', says crown prince", "Saudi Arabia's king replaces nephew with son as heir to throne", "Saudi king names son as new crown prince, upending the royal succession line", "Saudi royal decrees announcing Prince Mohammed BinSalman as the new crown prince", "Rise of Saudi Prince Shatters Decades of Royal Tradition", "Saudi Arabia will finally allow women to drive", "Saudi women can now travel without consent – but this progress is fragile", "Saudi Arabia to allow women to enter stadiums to watch soccer", "Mohammed bin Salman's reforms in Saudi Arabia could benefit us all", "Saudi Arabia is considering an IPO of Aramco, probably the world's most valuable company", "Saudi Arabia denies rights activists tortured and sexually harassed in jail", "Yemen on brink of 'world's worst famine in 100 years' if war continues", "Saudi Crown Prince calls Qatar embargo a 'small issue, "Saudi Arabia must immediately free women human rights defenders held in crackdown, say UN experts", Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, "Saudi women's rights activist arrested as long-time driving ban lifted", "Saudi Arabia arrests more women's rights activists: HRW", "Mohammed Bin Salman, Saudi Arabia's Prince Of Chaos", "Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud: The young hothead who would be king", "Surprising Saudi Rises as a Prince Among Princes", "Profile of a Prince: Promise and Peril in Mohammed bin Salman's Vision 2030", Profile of Prince Mohammed bin Salman – Defense Minister of Saudi Arabia, "HRH Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz to inaugurate Cityscape Riyadh 2011", "Prince Sultan arrives to Bahrain to attend Bahrain Grand Prix", "Leadership's trust in me is my motivation – Muhammad", "Prince Mohammed appointed president of crown prince court", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman appointed Special Advisor to Crown Prince", "Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman named defense minister", Profile: Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, "Saudi Succession: The King Is Dead, Long Live the King", Saudi and Arab allies bomb Houthi positions in Yemen, "Risk-taking Saudi prince gambling with stability", "Saudi Arabia's king appoints new interior minister", "King Salman: The man in charge of the 'most dangerous man in the world, "Transcript: Interview with Muhammad bin Salman", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman: Naive, arrogant Saudi prince is playing with fire", "Saudi Arabia announces 34-state Islamic military alliance against terrorism", "More than 40 Islamic countries just met and vowed to wipe terrorism off the map", "Mohammed bin Salman named Saudi Arabia's crown prince", "Saudi Arabia 'destabilising Arab world', German intelligence warns", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman: Naive, arrogant Saudi prince is playing with fire: German intelligence memo shows the threat from the kingdom's headstrong defence minister", "Germany Rebukes Its Own Intelligence Agency for Criticizing Saudi Policy", "Trump congratulates newly-elevated Saudi Arabian crown prince", "A young prince is reimagining Saudi Arabia. [36], On 23 January 2015, King Abdullah died, Salman took the throne and Prince Mohammed bin Salman was appointed minister of defence. Mohammed bin Salman, principe ereditario in Arabia Saudita: patrimonio alle stelle. Saudi Arabia, which had been spending $100 billion a year to keep services and subsidies going, had to admit defeat in November 2016. [166][167] The war and blockade of Yemen has cost the kingdom tens of billions of dollars, further aggravated the humanitarian crisis in the country and destroyed much of Yemen's infrastructure, but failed to dislodge the Shiite Houthi rebels and their allies from the Yemeni capital. The analysis carried out by FTI Consulting, an advisory firm, was confirmed further by the United Nations' special rapporteur, Agnès Callamard, who also investigated the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. [255], In early 2018, Prince Mohammed visited the United States, where he met with many politicians, business people and Hollywood stars, including President Trump, Bill and Hillary Clinton, Henry Kissinger, Michael Bloomberg, George W. Bush, George H. W. Bush, Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos, Oprah Winfrey, Rupert Murdoch, Richard Branson, Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles, Michael Douglas, Morgan Freeman, and Dwayne Johnson. [136], On 27 April 2020 the Human Rights Commission of Saudi Arabia reported the enactment of a royal decree abolishing death penalty for crimes committed by minors. [174] Following the Houthi missile attack against Riyadh in December 2017, which was intercepted by Saudi air defence,[175] Mohammed Bin Salman retaliated with a ten-day barrage of indiscriminate airstrikes against civilian areas in Yemen held by Houthi forces, killing dozens of children. Moḥammad bin Salmān Āl Saʿūd (in arabo: محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود‎; Riyad, 31 agosto 1985) è un politico e dirigente sportivo saudita, membro della famiglia reale Al Saʿūd, figlio dell'attuale re Salman, principe ereditario, Primo Vice Primo ministro e ministro della Difesa dell'Arabia Saudita. [123] In October 2017, the plan for Aramco's IPO listing was criticised by The Economist, which called it "a mess". In the CIA's analysis, the killing was most likely motivated by Prince Mohammed's privately stated belief that Khashoggi was an Islamist with problematic connections to the Muslim Brotherhood, a perception that differs markedly from the Saudi government's public remarks on Khashoggi's death. [16] Ha mantenuto inoltre il suo posto di Ministro di Stato. [135][225], On 9 July 2020, four senators of the United States urged President Donald Trump to secure the freedom of Saad Aljabri’s children, Omar Aljabri and Sarah Aljabri, calling it a “moral obligation” to support a man who aided the US intelligence for years and had close ties with key members of Saudi royal family. "[150][151][152], On 23 April 2019, 37 people, mostly Shia human rights activists involved in the Qatif conflict, were executed in one of the largest mass executions of the minority sect in the kingdom's history. For other uses, see, Princess Sarah bint Mashhoor bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. In 2014, Mohammed bin Salman’s uncle, King Abdullah, was nearing death. ", "Saudis' Image Makers: A Troll Army and a Twitter Insider", "Saudi 'Mr. [204][205], Prince Mohammed has denied any involvement in the murder and blamed the assassination on rogue operators. [50], In late 2015, Prince Mohammed attended a meeting between King Salman and U.S. President Barack Obama, where the prince broke protocol to deliver a monologue criticising U.S. foreign policy. "[178], Andrew Smith, of Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT), said that Jeremy Hunt and Boris Johnson "have played an utterly central and complicit role in arming and supporting the Saudi-led destruction of Yemen. The CIA based its conclusion on several pieces of evidence, including an intercepted conversation in which Prince Mohammed's brother Khalid offered Khashoggi assurances that it would be safe for the journalist to enter Saudi Arabia's consulate in Istanbul. Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammad bin Salman (R) in New Delhi, India on 20 February 2019 [Indian Foreign Ministry/Anadolu Agency] Motasem A Dalloul. 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[129] Building an industrial culture was not compatible with Wahhabism. [131], Ayaan Hirsi Ali claimed that if bin Salman "succeeds in his modernization efforts, Saudis will benefit from new opportunities and freedoms, and the world will benefit from curtailing the Wahhabi radicalization agenda. The UAE was pushing for the idea of helping Russia stabilise Syria and enabling the Assad regime in the country. [180][179], On 16 August 2020, a lawsuit filed by a former top intelligence official, Saad Aljabri, revealed that in 2015 Mohammed bin Salman secretly called for Russia to intervene in Syria at a time when Bashar al-Assad’s regime was close to falling apart. [23], Un rapporto dell’ONU il 10 giugno 2019, redatto da Agnes Callamard accusa il principe ereditario saudita Mohammed bin Salman di essere responsabile dell’omicidio del giornalista Jamal Khashoggi. [191] Prince Mohammed later reportedly claimed Kushner had provided intelligence assistance on domestic rivals to Prince Mohammed during the 2017–19 Saudi Arabian purge,[192] which Trump had personally expressed support for. [194], Reuters reported that Prince Mohammed "said the dispute with Qatar could be long-lasting, comparing it to the U.S. embargo of Cuba imposed 60 years ago, but played down its impact, dismissing the Gulf emirate as "smaller than a Cairo street". Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, born 31 August 1985), colloquially known as MbS, is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia. To justify Mohammed bin Salman as a model to be emulated, Ziabari cites a statistic from May 2018, months before the assassination of Khashoggi. [229][230] Following the lawsuit filed by Aljabri, the US District Court for the District of Columbia issued the summons against the Saudi Crown Prince, along with 11 other people. [31] In 1915 the Al Ajman tribe led by him fought with the Al Saud during which King Abdulaziz's only full-brother Saad bin Abdul Rahman was killed. I would also say it's a classical power grab move sometimes to arrest your rivals, your potential rivals under the pretext of corruption". ", Saudi princes among dozens detained in anti-corruption purge, "What the royal purge means for Saudi Arabia — and its oil", "Saudi Arabia 'at a crossroads': What the arrests of several princes mean for the kingdom's future", "The Saudi purge: The real reason behind Mohammed bin Salman's unprecedented crackdown", "Inside the Arrest of Saudi Arabia's Alwaleed bin Talal", "Arab Youth Survey 2018: Saudi Crown Prince and his reforms win huge support from young people across the Middle East", "Saudi crackdown 'would be like' the US arresting Warren Buffett", "Donald J. Trump on Twitter: "I have great confidence in King Salman and the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, they know exactly what they are doing. [143][144] Eight of the 17 were subsequently released. [65] BBC correspondent Frank Gardner was quoted as saying that "Prince Mohammed is moving to consolidate his growing power while spearheading a reform programme". The Haramain Express is 450 km line travelling up to 300 km/h that can transport around 60 million passengers annually. Senator Lindsey Graham said America's relationship with Saudi Arabia "is more of a burden than an asset." He had a reputation for being humble. [105], In October 2018, Mohammed bin Salman announced that the Public Investment Fund of Saudi Arabia’s assets were approaching $400 billion and would pass $600 billion by 2020. [256][257] President Trump praised his relationship with Prince Mohammed. Donald Trump described the Saudi response to the killing as "one of the worst in the history of cover-ups." [124], Mohammed bin Salman slashed the state budget, freezing government contracts and reducing the pay of civil employees as part of drastic austerity measures. [11][12][13] Il 25 aprile 2014 Moḥammad è stato nominato ministro di Stato. The funds cover almost one-third of the $2.96 billion required to implement the UN's 2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan. Nov 13, 2020 . [100][101] The announcement followed plans to develop a 34,000 square kilometre area across a lagoon of 50 islands on Saudi Arabia's Red Sea coastline into a luxury tourism destination with laws on a par with international standards. [32], Prince Mohammed bin Salman is the eldest among his mother's children and is the eighth child and seventh son of his father;[29] his full siblings include Turki bin Salman, former chairman of the Saudi Research and Marketing Group, and Khalid bin Salman. Vision 2030 plans to reform Saudi's economy towards a more diversified and privatised structure. [188] Trump initially supported the Saudi-led blockade of Qatar,[189] despite opposition from Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Secretary of Defense James Mattis,[190] though he later changed his position. [200] The Washington Post reported that the Crown Prince had earlier sought to lure Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia and detain him. He added that the Houthis usurped power in the Yemeni capital Sana'a before he served as minister of defence. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta l'11 ott 2020 alle 20:50. These were consistent with an economy built on oil sales, but industrialization requires a dynamic culture with social relations constantly shifting. Mohammed bin Salman believed that Hariri was in the pocket of Iran-backed Hezbollah, which is a major political force in Lebanon. A few small players went bankrupt, but American frackers only shut down their less-profitable operations temporarily, and waited for oil prices to go up again. [133] The law will be effective by the end of August 2019. "[50][47][52][155] German officials reacted to the BND's memo, saying the published statement "is not the position of the federal government". ", "The Saudi Purge Isn't Just a Power Grab", "Trump's uncritical embrace of MBS set the stage for Khashoggi crisis", Alwaleed bin Talal, two other billionaires tycoons among Saudi arrests, Saudi Arabia Arrests 11 Princes, Including Billionaire Waleed bin Talal, "Power Consolidation Or Failed Coup In Saudi Arabia? [115][116], In February 2018, it became legally possible for Saudi women to open their own business without a male's permission. Western diplomats say that Mohammed bin Salman was strongly influenced by his Emirati counterpart, crown prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed. [8] Il principe ha istituito la "Fondazione Principe Moḥammed bin Salmān", che si propone di aiutare i giovani bisognosi ed è diventato presidente della fondazione. "[73][74] French President Macron, who visited Riyadh days after the purge, when asked about the purge stated "this is not the role of a president, and similarly I would not expect a leader of a foreign country to come and infringe on domestic matters,"[75], On 30 January 2019, the Saudi government announced the conclusion of Anti-Corruption Committee's work. Nella sessione del consiglio dei ministri del 26 aprile 2016 ha presentato un piano strategico elaborato dal Consiglio per gli affari economici e di sviluppo da lui guidato. [156][157][158] Coalition airstrikes during the intervention have resulted in thousands of civilians killed or injured,[159] prompting accusations of war crimes in the intervention. The envoy offered help to the Trump presidential campaign. [149] Human Rights Watch warned that the al-Ghomgham case set a "dangerous precedent" for other women activists currently detained. Prince Mohammed holds a bachelor's degree in law from King Saud University. [99] Neom aims to attract investment in sectors including renewable energy, biotechnology, robotics and advanced manufacturing. [135], On 26 April 2020, the Supreme Judicial Council of Saudi Arabia abolished flogging as a punishment in the country, stating that the decision was "an extension of the human rights reforms introduced under the direction of King Salman and the direct supervision of Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman". [139][140], Among those detained in a wave of arrests in September 2017 were Abdulaziz al-Shubaily, a founding member of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA); Mustafa al-Hassan, an academic and novelist; and Essam al-Zamel, an entrepreneur. [47][51][52], In response to the threat from ISIL, In December 2015 Prince Mohammed established the Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC), a Saudi-led Islamic alliance against terrorism. If you have trouble accessing the Zoom Webinar, or if you did not pre-register, watch the YouTube livestream here: Or, watch the event on Facebook here. Just to mention the invasion of Iraq for example. "[67] An analysis from the CBC claimed that "the clampdown against corruption resonates with ordinary Saudis who feel that the state has been asking them to accept belt tightening while, at the same time, they see corruption and the power elite accumulating more wealth". That m... The squad was identified and returned by Canadian authorities. [64], Writing for The Huffington Post, University of Delaware professor of Islam and Global Affairs, Muqtedar Khan, speculated as to whether the removal of Talal, a critic of Donald Trump, amounted to a coup. Questi cambiamenti indicano che la corona è destinata a passare a una nuova generazione della dinastia saudita per la prima volta dal 1953 (quando alla morte di Abd al-Aziz salì al trono il figlio Sa'ud)[20]. Nothing", "Jamal Khashoggi: Trump says if anyone knew about plot to kill journalist 'it would be Mohammed bin Salman, "Who is Ahmed al-Asiri, the sacked Saudi intelligence chief? [137], According to human rights groups, arrests of human rights activists have risen under Mohammed bin Salman. [242], In 2015, he purchased the Italian-built and Bermuda-registered yacht Serene from Russian vodka tycoon Yuri Shefler for €500 million. The summons stated that a judgement would be taken by default against the concerned parties, if they fail to respond. [21][22], Il principe è sposato dal 2008 con una cugina, la principessa Sara, figlia del principe Mashhur bin 'Abd al-'Aziz, fratellastro di suo padre, dalla quale ha avuto quattro figli, due maschi e due femmine. [72], US President Trump expressed support for the move, tweeting "I have great confidence in King Salman and the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, they know exactly what they are doing....Some of those they are harshly treating have been 'milking' their country for years! [30] She is a granddaughter of Rakan bin Hithalayn, who was the head of the Al Ajman tribe. Kategorie Mohammad bin Salman: Některá data mohou pocházet z datové položky. Mohammed bin Salman. [54], Mohammed bin Salman was appointed Crown Prince on 21 June 2017, following his father's decision to depose Muhammad bin Nayef, making him heir presumptive to the throne. Saudi National Guard minister Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah, who was out of the country, was left out of the loop of operations. [222][223][224] The prince denied in an interview with CBS' 60 Minutes, aired on 29 September 2019, any personal involvement in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi, adding that "once charges are proven against someone, regardless of their rank, it will be taken to court, no exception made", but said that he had to take "full responsibility for what happened". He deposed the next in line to the throne, Prince Mohammed bin … [41] He was also named as the secretary general of the Royal Court on the same date. [58], Mohammed bin Salman leads the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen against the Houthi rebels, who in 2015 seized Sana’a and ousted the Saudi-backed Hadi government, ending multilateral efforts towards a political settlement following the 2011 Yemeni uprising. Mohammad bin Salman is seen during the Arab Summit in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, May 31, 2019. Il patrimonio di Mohammed bin Salman. [203], In the aftermath of Khashoggi's death, multiple commentators referred to bin Salman as "Mister Bone Saw," a play on the initials MBS. [185][184], Upon Trump's election, support for Mohammed bin Salman was described as one of the few issues where rival White House advisers Jared Kushner and Steve Bannon agreed. NYC Cathedral shooting. A decade from now, the kingdom could look more like the United Arab Emirates, its prosperous and relatively forward-looking neighbor. "[179] Hunt's Conservative leadership campaign was partly funded by a close associate to Mohammed bin Salman. [91], In March 2018, Prince Mohammed referred to Turkey as part of a "triangle of evil" alongside Iran and Muslim Brotherhood. [184] The meeting included Joel Zamel, an Israeli specialist in social media manipulation, Lebanese-American businessman George Nader, and Blackwater founder Erik Prince. [83], On 29 January 2015, Prince Mohammed was named the chair of the newly established Council for Economic and Development Affairs,[89] replacing the disbanded Supreme Economic Commission. [18], Il primo grande evento che lo ha visto protagonista come ministro della difesa è stata l'Operazione Tempesta Decisiva, una campagna di bombardamenti contro i ribelli Huthi nello Yemen.[19]. Il rapporto dell'ONU parla di omicidio "premeditato", con prove credibili di responsabilità del principe ereditario dell'Arabia Saudita[27][28], Ministro della Difesa e Presidente del Consiglio per gli Affari Economici e di Sviluppo, Arabia Saudita: re Salman sostituisce principe ereditario col figlio, Mohammed bin Nayef kingpin in new Saudi Arabia: country experts, Family Tree of Salman bin Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud, HRH Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz to inaugurate Cityscape Riyadh 2011, Prince Sultan arrives to Bahrain to attend Bahrain Grand Prix, Leadership’s trust in me is my motivation – Muhammad, Prince Mohammad appointed president of crown prince court, Prince Mohammed bin Salman appointed Special Advisor to Crown Prince, Saudi Prince Mohammad bin Salman named defense minister, Saudi Succession: The King Is Dead, Long Live the King, Saudi king stamps his authority with staff shake-up and handouts, Saudi and Arab allies bomb Houthi positions in Yemen, Arabia Saudita: rivoluzione economica per affrancarsi dall’«oro nero».